A new species of Mermiglossa from Kenya, with comments on the arrangement of Old World Panurginae (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae)

John S. Ascher, Michael S. Engel

Abstract


A new species of the panurgine bee genus Mermiglossa Friese (Panurginae) is described and figured from females captured near Voi in the southern part of the former Coast Province, Kenya, a historical type locality for several bee species.  Mermiglossa voicola Ascher & Engel, new species, is distinguished from the only other species of the genus, M. rufa Friese from central Namibia.  The new species is readily identified due to its black rather than red metasoma and compound eyes slightly convergent above rather than parallel-sided.  The new species raises the total number of described bee species for Kenya to 343, extends the known distribution of its genus and subtribe from the Namib Desert of southwestern Africa to the western edge of the Nviri Desert of East Africa, and provides further evidence of extensive biogeographic connections between these disjunct xeric areas.  Recent changes in the family-group classification of Old World Panurginae are discussed in relation to recognition of Mermiglossina as a valid subtribe within an expanded tribe Panurgini also including the New World perditines.

Keywords


Apoidea; Anthophila; Andrenidae; Panurginae; Panurgini; Mermiglossina; Mermiglossa

Full Text:

PDF/A

References


Ascher, J.S. 2003. Appendix: Evidence for the phylogenetic position of Nolanomelissa from nuclear EF-1? sequence data. In: Melo, G.A.R., & I. Alves dos Santos (Eds.), Apoidea Neotropica: Homenagem aos 90 Anos de Jesus Santiago Moure: 107–108. Editora UNESC [Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense]; Criciúma, Brazil; xvi+320 pp.

Ascher, J.S. 2004. Systematics of the Bee Family Andrenidae (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Doctoral dissertation, Cornell University; Ithaca, NY; 333 pp.

Ascher, J.S., & J. Pickering. 2017. Discover Life bee species guide and world checklist (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila). [http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?guide=Apoidea_species, last accessed 16 November 2017]

Baker, D.B. 1972. A revision of the genus Plesiopanurgus Cameron, with notes on some Arabian and African Panurginae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of Entomology, Series B, Taxonomy and Systematics 41(1): 35–43.

Baker, D.B. 1997. A new species of Plesiopanurgus Cameron from Morocco (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Andrenidae). Entomologist’s Gazette 48(3): 199–203.

Cameron, P. 1907. On a new genus and some new species of aculeate Hymenoptera collected by Lieut.-Col. C.G. Nurse in Baluchistan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 18(1): 130–136.

Cockerell, T.D.A. 1933. African bees of the genus Coelioxys. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Tenth Series 11(65): 547–557.

Cockerell, T.D.A. 1937. African Bees of the Genera Ceratina, Halictus and Megachile. British Museum; London, UK; xvi+254 pp.

Dathe, H.H. 2014. Studies on the systematics and taxonomy of the genus Hylaeus F. (8) Revision of the Afrotropic subgenus Hylaeus (Deranchylaeus) Bridwell (Hymenoptera: Anthophila, Colletidae). Zootaxa 3874(1): 1–84.

Eardley, C.D. 1991. The southern African Panurginae (Andrenidae: Hymenoptera). Phytophylactica 23: 115–136.

Eardley, C.D., & R. Urban. 2010. Catalogue of Afrotropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes). Zootaxa 2455: 1–548.

Engel, M.S. 2001. A monograph of the Baltic amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259: 1–192.

Friese, H. 1912. Neue und wenig bekannte Bienen Süd-Afrikas (Hym.). Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Abteilung A 78(5): 181–189.

Hedtke, S.M., S. Patiny, & B.N. Danforth. 2013. The bee tree of life: A supermatrix approach to apoid phylogeny and biogeography. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 138 [1–13].

Martins, D.J. 2012. Rare parasitic bee genus discovered in Kenya. Swara, Journal of the East African Wildlife Society 33(2): 52–54.

Martins, D.J. 2014. Our Friends the Pollinators. A Handbook of Pollinator Diversity and Conservation in East Africa. Nature Kenya, The East Africa Natural History Society; Nairobi, Kenya; 102 pp.

Michener, C.D. 2007. The Bees of the World [2nd Edition]. Johns Hopkins University Press; Baltimore, MD; xvi+[i]+953 pp., +20 pls.

Michez, D., C. Eardley, M. Kuhlmann, K. Timmermann, & S. Patiny. 2010. The bee genera Haplomelitta and Samba (Hymenoptera: Anthophila: Melittidae): Phylogeny, biogeography and host plants. Invertebrate Systematics 24(4): 327–347.

Packer, L., & D.J. Martins. 2015. A new species of Samba s. str. (Hymenoptera: Melittidae) from the Turkana Basin, Kenya with observations on the function of the metatibial spur in females. Zootaxa 3918(2): 261–272.

Patiny, S. 1998a. Mise en synonymie de l’espèce récemment décrite, Plesiopanurgus hanno Baker, 1997 et considérations sur la position subgénérique des Plesiopanurgus Cameron, 1907 (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Bulletin et Annales de la Société Royale belge d’Entomologie 134(3): 247–252.

Patiny, S. 1998b. Description d’un sous-genre nouveau de Melitturga Latreille, 1809 (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Andrenidae). Bembix 10: 29–33.

Patiny, S. 1999a. Etude phylogénétique des Panurginae de l’ancien monde (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 31(1): 249–275.

Patiny, S. 1999b. Révision des Panurginae ouest-paléarctiques n’appartenant pas à la tribu des Melitturgini Michener, 1944. Partie 1: Panurgus Panzer, 1806 et Camptopoeum Spinola, 1843 (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Entomofauna 20(19): 309–328.

Patiny, S. 1999c. Description d’une nouvelle espècie de Flavipanurgus Warncke, 1972 (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae, Panurginae). Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 37: 57–61.

Patiny, S. 2000. Description d’un genre nouveau de Panurginae: Borgatomelissa g. nov. (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 41: 101–104.

Patiny, S. 2001. A new Panurginae genus from Iran: Gasparinahla g. nov. described on base of a new species: Gasparinahla megapalpae sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Panurginae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 33(1): 309–313.

Patiny, S., & P. Rasmont. 1999. Description d’un nouveau sous-genre de Plesiopanurgus Cameron, 1907 (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae, Panurginae). Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 37: 77–80.

Patiny, S., D. Baldock, & D. Michez. 2013. Systematics of the bee subgenus Systropha (Austrosystropha) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae): Description of a new species and proposal of a new sex association. Zootaxa 3647: 577–584.

Pauly, A. 2014. Les abeilles de Graminées ou Lipotriches Gerstaecker, 1858, sensu stricto (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae: Nomiinae) de l’Afrique subsaharienne. Belgian Journal of Entomology 20: 1–393.

Pesenko, Y.A., & A. Pauly. 2005. Monograph of the bees of the subfamily Nomioidinae (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) of Africa (excluding Madagascar). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 41(2): 129–236.

Ramos, K.S. 2011. Relações Filogenéticas entre as Abelhas da Subfamília Andreninae com Ênfase has Tribos Calliopsini, Protandrenini e Protomelitturgini (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Doctoral dissertation, Universidade Federal do Paraná; Curitiba, Brazil; xiv+156 pp.

Ruz, L. 1986. Classification and phylogenetic relationships of the panurgine bees (Hymenoptera - Andrenidae). Doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas; Lawrence, KS; iii+312 pp.

Ruz, L. 1991. Classification and phylogenetic relationships of the panurgine bees: The Calliopsini and allies (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 54(7): 209–256.

Schwammberger, K.-H. 1971. Zwei neue Bienen-Arten aus Iran (Hymenoptera Apoidea). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde 225: 1–4.

Scott, V.L., J.S. Ascher, T.L. Griswold, & C.R. Nufio. 2011. The bees of Colorado (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila). Natural History Inventory of Colorado 23: i–vi, 1–100.

Warncke, K. 1972. Westpaläarktische Bienen der Unterfamilie Panurginae (Hym., Apidae). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 42(1): 53–108.

Warncke, K. 1983 [1985]. Beiträge zur Bienenfauna des Iran 19.–20. Die Gattungen Panurgus Pz. und Meliturgula Fr. (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Venezia 34: 221–235.

Warncke, K. 1985 [1987]. Ergänzende Untersuchungen an Bienen der Gattungen Panurgus und Melitturga / Andreninae, Apidae, vor allem aus dem türkischen Raum. Bolletino del Museo Civico di Storia naturale di Venezia 36: 75–107.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17161/jom.v0i75.6717

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 John S. Ascher, Michael S. Engel

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Journal of Melittology (ISSN 2325-4467)

This electronic publication is supported by the University of Kansas Libraries.