Introducing the Copyright Anxiety Scale


  • Amanda Wakaruk University of Alberta Library and Museums, Alberta, Canada
  • Céline Gareau-Brennan University of Alberta Library and Museums, Alberta, Canada
  • Matthew Pietrosanu Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada



Navigating copyright issues can be frustrating to the point of causing anxiety, potentially discouraging or inhibiting legitimate uses of copyright-protected materials. A lack of data about the extent and impact of these phenomena, known as copyright anxiety and copyright chill, respectively, motivated the authors to create the Copyright Anxiety Scale (CAS). This article provides an overview of the CAS’s development and validity testing. Results of an initial survey deployment drawing from a broad cross-section of respondents living in Canada and the United States (n = 521) establishes that the phenomenon of copyright anxiety is prevalent and likely associated with copyright chill.


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